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The Militarization of Science, and Subsequent Criminalization of Scientists

ABSTRACT Science is becoming more challenging, not only for scientists, but also for editors and publishers. Faced with limited funding within an expanding economic crisis, competition between scientists is increasing. The struggle for professional survival is leading some to revert to dishonest tactics to get ahead of the pack and cheating or fraud may be Read More ...

Finding Romantic Images in Gynecological Pathology: Valentine Heart Shaped Uterus

 

Ascending Aortic Thrombus as a Source of Right Coronary Artery Embolism in Acute Myocardial Infarction

Huge Vegetation on Aortic Valve in a Young Patient with Infective Endocarditis Caused by Enterococcus Faecalis

Left Ventricle Noncompaction in a Young Adult

Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava Associated with Hemiazygos Vein Draining in It and Absence of Left Brachiocephalic Vein, in a Patient with Congenital Heart Defect

ABSTRACT Persistent left superior vena cava is an anomalous vein that derives from a malfunction of obliteration of the left common cardinal vein during intrauterine life. The diagnosis can be suggested by a dilated coronary sinus as seen in echocardiography, or other imagistic methods. Due to the lack of hemodynamic impairment, and consequently with few Read More ...

Skeletal Muscle Metastases and Inferior Vena Cava Involvement in a Patient with Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma and Sarcomatoid Diferentiation

ABSTRACT Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma has a propensity to propagate into the renal vein and inferior vena cava. A small percentage has distant metastasis at presentation. Pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral and bone metastases are common, but skeletal muscle involvement is rare. Case presentation: We present the case of a 51-year-old patient complaining of right flank pain, Read More ...

The Value of Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Localized Morphea — Case Report

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of this presentation is to highlight the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound (18 MHz) in localized morphea for: identification of the lesion, guided skin biopsy, quantification of skin thickness, evaluating the severity by measuring total echogenicity. Case presentation: A 62-year-old Caucasian woman was referred to the Dermatology Department for a well-circumscribed indurate Read More ...

Extensive Abdominopelvic Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor — Case Report and Review of the Literature

ABSTRACT Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare malignant tumor, which afects mostly young males and has a poor prognosis. Since 1991, when it was first described as a distinct clinical entity by Gerald WL and Rosai J, some 200 cases were reported. DSRCT arises mainly from the abdominal and pelvic cavity, causes Read More ...

Influence of Hypothermia on the Clinical and Molecular Status of a Freshwater Drowning Victim with Severe Trauma. A Case Report

ABSTRACT Drowning in freshwater kills many people around the world. Complications are multiple and sometimes impossible to treat. Fluid and electrolyte resuscitation is difcult because of all the physiological, biophysical and biochemical changes that decrease the rate of survival. Extreme lung injury and cardiovascular disorders are responsible for tissue hypoxia, increased production of inflammation markers, Read More ...

High Grade Uterine and Rectal Prolapse

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pelvic floor hernias are encountered especially in elderly women. A combined genital, bladder, and rectal prolapse poses treatment challenges in aged women. Case presentation: We present the case of an 88 year-old patient, complaining of an intravaginal mass protruding for the last 3 months, rectal prolapse that occurred two weeks before admittance, accompanied Read More ...

Gallbladder Hydrops Associated with an Episode of Acute Liver Toxicity in the Adult: May It Be Considered a Surgical Emergency or Not?

ABSTRACT Introduction: Gallbladder hydrops is an increase in the volume of the gallbladder without any inflammatory sign, bacterial infection or the presence of any abnormalities of the biliary ducts or of the gallbladder. Case presentation: A 52-year-old man presented at the Department of Internal Medicine complaining of moderate intensity pain in the right upper quadrant, Read More ...

Plurivascular Lesions in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease

ABSTRACT Introduction: Occlusive arterial disease, regardless of etiology, is a progressive chronic disease with multiple vessel involvement. The importance of obstructive arterial disease is that it leads to an increased mortality and morbidity of other cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, the presence of a lesion on a certain artery should lead to the identification of other lesions Read More ...

Study on the Efcacy of Sentinel Lymph Node Identification by Radionuclide Method (Tc 99) Versus Combined Method (Radionuclide and Vital Stain) in the Staging of Breast Carcinoma

ABSTRACT Introduction: Occlusive arterial disease, regardless of etiology, is a progressive chronic disease with multiple vessel involvement. The importance of obstructive arterial disease is that it leads to an increased mortality and morbidity of other cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, the presence of a lesion on a certain artery should lead to the identification of other lesions Read More ...

Detection and Quantification of Periodontopathogenic Bacteria in Subgingival Plaque Samples on Patients Undergoing Orthodontic Treatment

ABSTRACT Introduction: According to last years’ research, periodontopathogens may have a negative impact on treatment options in patients with periodontal lesions. However, not all infected sites sufer periodontal destructions, which can be explained on the assumption that only a limited number of pathogens present in a sufcient amount, are capable of afecting the periodontal tissue. Read More ...

The Care of Central Venous Catheters in the Oncopediatric Department

ABSTRACT Introduction: Childhood cancer, with its major psycho-social and health impact, needs longterm chemotherapy. Increasing the intensity of treatment results in improved outcomes of hematological malignancies and solid tumors. As cytostatics have a vascular irritating efect and multiple peripheric venous punctures cause pain, insertion of a long-term central venous catheter (CVC) during chemotherapy is often Read More ...

Impaired Left Ventricular Longitudinal Function in Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Children

ABSTRACT Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension is associated with right ventricular dilation and failure. As a result, left ventricular geometry is afected by shifting of the interventricular septum towards the left ventricle. Aim of the study: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of chronic right ventricular pressure overload on left ventricular longitudinal Read More ...

Correlation Between Orthodontic Forces and Root Resorption – a Systematic Review of the Literature

ABSTRACT Orthodontically induced external apical root resorption (OIEARR) is a major concern regarding periodontal status after nonsurgical orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to assess this sequel by a systematic review of published data. For assessment, we performed an electronic search of one database for comprehensive data, using keywords in diferent combinations: “root Read More ...

Noninvasive Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease: Fractional Flow Reserved Derived from Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (FFRCT)

ABSTRACT Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) completed by fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment represents the main procedure that is performed in the decision process for coronary revascularization. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) is an efective method used in the noninvasive anatomic assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, CCTA tends to overestimate and does not ofer Read More ...

The Efects of Homocysteine Level in the Critically Ill Patient. A Review

ABSTRACT Increased levels of homocysteine (HCYS) represent a risk factor for a series of physiopathological conditions: mental retardation, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, depression, osteoporosis, endothelial dysfunction and inhibition of cell proliferation. This paper aims to present the pathophysiological implications of HCYS and the correlation of hyperhomocysteinemia (H-HCYS) with critical condition in Read More ...

Recent Advances in Biomarker Discovery — from Serum to Imagingbased Biomarkers for a Complex Assessment of Heart Failure Patients

ABSTRACT Over the last years, a vast majority of serum biomarkers and imaging techniques have been used alone or combined in the diagnosis, management and prognosis of numerous pathologies. This review provides a brief insight into the novelties from the last 6 years (2010–2016) regarding serum and imaging markers in heart failure (HF). New information Read More ...

Biomarkers and Risk Assessment — an Interdisciplinary Approach

A Correlative Study of Spirometric Parameters and Markers of Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

ABSTRACT Background: Alteration in lung function is present in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We aimed to study the pulmonary function indices obtained by spirometry in pediatric patients with PAH, and to correlate them with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiographic parameters. Methods: Thirty-one children with PAH were enrolled in this study, of those 26 patients (83.87%) associated Read More ...