Motivation of Adult Patients with Orthodontic Treatment in Maintaining Oral Hygiene

DOI: 10.2478/jim-2022-0018

Background: In the last decades, adult patients require orthodontic treatment as a therapeutic method in an increasing percentage. This treatment has a lot of benefits, but unfortunately it also presents a number of complications and risks, among which favoring the accumulation of bacterial plaque is the most concerning. Aim of the study: In this study we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using the dark-field microscope as a method of motivating adult patients with orthodontic treatment in maintaining a proper oral hygiene. Material and methods: Thirty-six patients were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. At time T0, patientswere divided into two groups: Group 1– microscope and Group 2 – control, in such a way that the groups were as homogeneous as possible. Dental plaque samples were collected and analyzed under a dark field microscope in the presence of the patient for subjects from Group 1 but not Group 2. All patients were then instructed on oral hygiene techniques. The following periodontal indices were recorded of each patient: plaque index (PI), index of bleedingon probing (BOP), probing depth (PD) – at T0 and T1 (after one month). Results: Comparing the PI and BOP values before (T0) and after treatment (T1), statistically significant results weredetected (PI: p = 0.0020, BOP: p = 0.0297), which denotes that patients who observed the bacterial load of their dental plaque in real time using the dark-field microscope had a better oral hygiene and lower values of periodontal health indices. Regarding the PD index, the difference between time T0 and T1 was not statistically significant (p = 1.4762). Conclusions: During the orthodontic treatment, adult patients often present gingival inflammation caused by improper hygiene. The use of the dark-field microscope is effective in motivating patients regarding the rules of maintenance of a proper oral hygiene.