Experience in the Morphological Study of Dorsolumbar Spine Deformities in Women over 50 Years

DOI: 10.2478/jim-2023-0010


Introduction: Osteoporosis is characterized by a reduction in bone mineral density. Among the factors that can contribute to the onset of osteoporosis we can enumerate alcohol consumption, smoking, glucocorticoid therapy, or the presence of diabetes mellitus. The incidence of osteoporosis increases with age. Materials and Methods: A total of 183 women over the age of 50, with a mean age of 67.9 ± 7.74 years, were studied to visualize spinal column alterations. From this cohort, 103 patients underwent bone mineral density testing using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and dorsolumbar radiography, while 80 patients did not undergo DXA testing. Assessment of the degree of vertebral involvement was performed using the Genant semiquantitative method. Results: The highest percentage of vertebral fractures was observed in patients aged >70 years (100%). Within the studied cohort, 28% of patients displayed multiple vertebral fractures associated with age (p = 0.01). The most common site for vertebral involvement was the dorsolumbar region (D11–L2) across all age groups (p = 0.35). No statistically significant correlation (p = 0.22) was identified between DXA values and the presence of vertebral fractures, despite a trend of increased incidence of fractures as the T-score decreased. Conclusion: Within the cohort, vertebral fractures were identified both in women with normal values of bone mineral density and in those with osteoporosis. Furthermore, the severity of these vertebral fractures did not correlate with bone mineral density values, highlighting the necessity of using both osteodensitometry and spinal radiographs for diagnosis.