Endovascular Treatment for Bilateral Carotid Stenosis: a Case Report


DOI: 10.2478/jim-2019-0017

ABSTRACT

Carotid artery stenosis is usually a consequence of thromboembolism or atheroembolism, or it can be secondary to a low-velocity status in the carotid circulation. This disease can also represent an important cause of stroke, being responsible for 7% of all stroke cases. Endovascular techniques were recently proposed as alternative interventions for patients with high risk for endarterectomy. We present the case of a 70-year-old patient, accusing headache, vertigo, and fatigue. Angiography indicated bilateral carotid artery stenosis. Interventional surgery and angioplasty were performed, crossing the stenotic lesions of the left internal carotid artery, followed by the implantation of a Carotid WALLSTENT endoprosthesis. Evolution of the patient was favorable after the endovascular intervention, with significant improvement of the symptoms caused by bilateral carotid stenosis. As a conclusion, decision-making must be modulated in each patient, according to the patient’s anatomy and comorbidities, and the experience of the team performing the procedure.