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CardioIMAGE — the Image of a Cardio Team

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Myocardial Function Following Intracoronary and Intramyocardial Stem Cell Injection

ABSTRACT Stem cell-based therapy is a new therapeutic option that can be used in patients with cardiac diseases caused by myocardial injury. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a new noninvasive imaging method with an increasingly widespread indication. The aim of this re-view was to evaluate the role of cardiac MRI in patients with myocardial Read More ...

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Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: a Brief Review, Treatment and Practical Guidelines for Dentists

ABSTRACT Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a complication after treatment with antiresorptive drugs. Bisphos- phonates (BPs) are widely used to treat conditions with bone metastases of malignant tumors such as multiple myeloma, breast cancer, prostatic cancer, as well as hypercalcemia of ma-lignancy, osteoporosis, Paget’s disease, and osteogenesis imperfecta. Denosumab is an an-tiresorptive agent that is Read More ...

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Effects of Viral and Bacterial Infections on Marginal Periodontium

ABSTRACT Background: There are several risk factors, general and local, which favor the onset of peri-odontal destruction, and their knowledge is essential to their correct identification and for the adoption of a suitable therapeutic management. The aim of the study was to assess periodon-tal health status of patients suffering from viral and bacterial infections and Read More ...

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The Sensitivity and Specificity of Fine- Needle Aspiration in Thyroid Neoplasia

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and demonstrate the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in thy-roid lesions in our department and to highlight probable causes of errors leading to unsatis-factory sampling, which may depend on the characteristics of the nodule. Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted on 319 diagnosed cases of thyroid nodules referred to the Read More ...

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Time-Dependent Drug Administration in Hypertension and its Effect on Blood Pressure Variability

ABSTRACT Background: Optimizing blood pressure variability seems to represent a new therapeutic target in the management of hypertension. It is emphasized that scheduling at least one an-tihypertensive agent at bedtime, has the ability to reduce blood pressure. Aim of the study: We have proposed to test whether the divided treatment regimen also lowers blood pres-sure Read More ...

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Computed Tomographic Assessment of Coronary Arteries in Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Therapy Following an Acute Myocardial Infarction

ABSTRACT Despite of numerous treatment strategies developed in the last years, ischemic heart disease remains the leading cause of death around the world. Acute myocardial infarction (MI) causes irreversible destruction to the myocardial tissue, which is replaced by fibroblast cells, lead-ing to the formation of a dense, collagenous scar, a non-contractile tissue, and often to heart failure. Stem Read More ...

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Cardiac Computed Tomography Assessment in Acute Coronary Syndromes — Do We Have Time for It in Emergency Settings?

ABSTRACT The diagnosis and treatment of acute coronary syndrome remain a challenge for clinicians in many clinical settings, especially in patients with previous low-to-intermediate risk. Due to its high specificity and sensitivity for detecting significant coronary artery stenoses, cardiac com-puted tomography angiography (CCTA) tends to be used more frequently in the emergency room (ER) in the last years. Read More ...

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New Treatment Methods in Multiple Myeloma

ABSTRACT Multiple myeloma accounts for 10% of the hematologic malignancies and is characterized by a single clone of plasma cells producing a monoclonal protein. The aim of this review is to sum-marize the current treatment methods of multiple myeloma. In the last 15 years, the incidence of myeloma has increased in patients younger than 65 years, thus Read More ...

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High-Risk Coronary Plaques Complicated with Acute Coronary Syndrome in Young Patients

ABSTRACT Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has evolved notably over the last de-cade, gaining an increased amount of temporo-spatial resolution in combination with de-creased radiation exposure. The importance of CCTA is emerging especially in vulnerable and young patients who might not have developed a viable collateral vascular network to sustain the circulation to an infarction area during Read More ...

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Computed Tomography Assessment of Coronary Fistulas

ABSTRACT Coronary artery fistulas, a rare anomaly, are represented by an abnormal communication be-tween the coronary arteries and other vascular structures or cardiac chambers and, in most cases, are detected incidentally. Regularly, they do not cause important pathological changes, but if the symptoms persist, they need to be treated. The hemodynamic impact depends on the localization and size Read More ...

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Unrelated Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in a Patient with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Blast Crisis

ABSTRACT Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder, which can involve the hematopoietic stem cell or early progenitor cells, without the loss of their capacity to differenti-ate. Typically, CML has three clinical phases: a chronic phase, an accelerated phase, and an aggressive transformation in blast crisis, analogous to acute leukemia. The following article presents Read More ...

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Severity Stratification by Compression Ultrasound Examination in Lipodermatosclerosis and Diabetic Dermopathy Patients: a Report of Three Cases

ABSTRACT Lipodermatosclerosis and diabetic dermopathy are low-risk skin lesions with many similar clinical features, except for venous abnormalities such as chronic venous insufficiency, but are rarely a reason for referring the patient to vascular ultrasound examination. We present 3 serial cases in which the compression ultrasound examination (CUS) of the venous circulation of the affected limbs was of utmost Read More ...

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Knuckle Pads – Practical Diagnostic Issues

ABSTRACT Knuckle pads are thickening of the skin over the extensor surface of the proximal interphalan- geal joints. Clinical picture, ultrasound imaging, and histopathological examination of the skin biopsy ascertain the diagnosis. In routine practice, two main differential diagnoses are important: knuckle pads vs. pseudo-knuckle pads and idiopathic vs. non-idiopathic forms of knuckle pads.

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Screening for Cognitive Dysfunction Helped to Unmask Silent Cerebrovascular Disease in a Hypertensive Diabetic Patient — Case Report

ABSTRACT The current guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension recommend screening for cognitive impairment in all hypertensive patients as part of the clinical assessment. How-ever, the implementation of this recommendation in clinical practice is still unsatisfactory. We present the case of an elderly hypertensive female patient in order to highlight the importance of screening Read More ...

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