Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine

A journal of basic and clinical medical research


The Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine (JIM) has been created by a group of European researchers and healthcare specialists, in an attempt to provide the opportunity to share the current expertise and scientific achievements between the members of a large family of researchers and medical practitioners.

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Current Issue

Volume 3 // Issue 2 // June 2018

The Multifaceted Role of Epicardial Fat in Cardiovascular Diseases

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The Effect of Periplaque Fat on Coronary Plaque Vulnerability in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease – a 128-multislice CT-based Study

ABSTRACT Background: The role of periplaque fat (PPF), as a fragment of the total epicardial adipose tissue, measured in the vicinity of a target coronary lesion, more specifically within the close proximity of a vulnerable plaque, has yet to be evaluated. The study aimed to evaluate the interrelation between PPF and coronary plaque vulnerability in patients with stable Read More ...

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Epicardial adipose tissue role as a marker of higher vulnerability in patients with coronary artery disease

ABSTRACT Background: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been recently identified as a major player in the development of the atherosclerotic process. This study aimed to investigate the role of EAT as a marker associated with a higher vulnerability of atheromatous coronary plaques in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as compared to patients with stable angina. Material and methods: Read More ...

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The Effect of Epicardial Fat on the Right and Left Ventricular Function in Subjects with Various Etiological Types of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

ABSTRACT Background: Little is known on the effect of epicardial fat in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Therefore, the present study sought to perform a comparative analysis on the influence of epicardial fat thickness (EFT) on the right and left ventricular function, between three different etiological varieties of pulmonary arterial hypertension: caused by congenital heart defects (atrial septum defects with Read More ...

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Reduction of Intra-abdominal Hypertension Is Associated with Increase of Cardiac Output in Critically Ill Patients Undergoing Mechanical Ventilation

ABSTRACT Objective: To demonstrate the relationship between intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and cardiac output (CO) in mechanically ventilated (MV), critically ill patients. Material and methods: This was a single-center, prospective study performed between January and April 2016, on 30 mechanically ventilated patients (mean age 67.3 ± 11.9 years), admitted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Emergency County Hospital Read More ...

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Laparoscopic Versus Conventional Open Rectum Amputation: a Clinical, Intraoperative, and Short-term Outcome Comparative Study

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and compare laparoscopic and conventional open rectum amputation procedures using clinical, intraoperative, postoperative, and oncological criteria. Methods: Fifty-nine patients with lower rectal and anorectal cancer were included in a retrospective study, conducted between 2014 and 2017. Patients underwent open or laparoscopic rectum amputation surgery and were divided into two groups: group 1 – laparoscopic amputation group Read More ...

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Left Para-Renal Castleman Disease: Case Report

ABSTRACT Castleman disease represents a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology. It is usually located in the mediastinum and in very few cases in the retroperitoneal space. We present the case of a 43-year-old male patient with a retroperitoneal tumor that was incidentally diagnosed during an abdominal computed tomography scan. The patient underwent surgery by open approach, and the Read More ...

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Dacryocystitis Caused by Lymphoproliferative Infiltration in the Course of Lymphocytic Lymphoma: Case Report

ABSTRACT Background: Lacrimal drainage system lymphomas are rare, accounting for less than 10% of lacrimal sac tumors. They often appear as a secondary involvement within the confines of systemic lymphoproliferative disorders, therefore detailed ophthalmological examination and auxiliary testing is necessary to have an accurate diagnosis. Case report: We present the case of a 72-year-old woman with a medical history Read More ...

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Favorable Postoperative Evolution after Late Surgical Repair of Truncus Arteriosus Type 1: A Case Report

ABSTRACT Truncus arteriosus communis (TA) is a rare cyanotic congenital heart defect, in which the aorta and the pulmonary artery have not been separated during the normal development of the fetal heart, so a single truncal artery is arising from the base of the heart. Most patients with TA present within the first weeks of life with heart Read More ...

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Hand-biting Lesions in a Child — a Challenging Diagnosis

ABSTRACT Background: Self-induced skin lesions, especially in young children, can create confusion within pediatricians, dermatologists, or other medical care providers, leading to different diagnoses, unnecessary investigations, and delaying the correct therapeutic psychiatric evaluation. Case report: We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who was referred to Dermatology after being hospitalized in the Allergy Department Read More ...

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Erratum

In: Iacob A, Comișel S, Tilinca M, Mezei T, Petrovan C. Oral Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma — Unusual Location of a Rare Entity. Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine. 2017;2(4):349-353. The correct list of authors and their affiliation is as follows: Alina Iacob¹, Sebastian Comișel¹, Mariana Tilinca², Tibor Mezei³, Simona Mocan³, Cecilia Petrovan¹ ¹ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Read More ...

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Published Online Ahead of Print

Online Articles

Laparoscopic Versus Conventional Open Surgery for the Treatment of Bilateral Inguinal Hernias

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and compare laparoscopic and conventional open procedures for bilateral inguinal hernia surgical repair, using clinical, intraoperative, and postoperative criteria. Methods: Forty-three patients with bilateral inguinal hernia were included in a retrospective study, between 2014–2017. All patients underwent conventional open or laparoscopic bilateral hernioplasty, and were divided into two groups: a conventional open group (COG) and Read More ...

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Knowledge and Attitude of Dentists Regarding Patients Undergoing Bisphosphonate Treatment: a Comparative Questionnaire

ABSTRACT Background: Osteonecrosis of the jaw is an uncommon but serious complication related to oral and intravenous bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. Its pathogenesis is not well understood, and there are no universal protocols accepted to treat it. The aim of our study was to use the same questionnaire as four years ago to evaluate the awareness of dentists in Read More ...

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Gracilis Muscle Flap for Recurrent Rectovaginal Fistula: a Case Report

ABSTRACT We present the case of a 48-year-old patient with a recurrent rectovaginal fistula, who we treated surgically by transposing the gracilis muscle. The patient with a history of ulcerative colitis underwent colorectal resection with mechanical anastomosis and diverting ileostomy for rectal cancer. She was subsequently treated by radiation and chemotherapy. Six weeks later, the ileostomy was removed, but Read More ...

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Adherence to the DASH-style Diet and the Presence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adults from Tîrgu Mureș

ABSTRACT Background: Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet, weight control, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol limitation, plays an important role in treating high blood pressure and cardiovascular and chronic diseases. Aim: This study aimed to investigate adherence to the DASH diet in relation to the occurrence of high blood pressure and chronic disease risk factors, in Read More ...

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70% Trichloroacetic Acid in the Treatment of Facial Sebaceous Hyperplasia

ABSTRACT The present paper highlights the usefulness of 70% trichloroacetic acid in treating sebaceous hyperplasia in elderly patients. Esthetics are an important issue, and different therapeutic modalities can be used, such as systemic isotretinoin, surgical excision, electrocautery, cryosurgery, topical photodynamic therapy and laser, but all these methods are expansive and invasive procedures that may result in scars, which are Read More ...

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Diagnostic Algorithm for Superficial Venous Malformations in Newborns

ABSTRACT Superficial venous malformations can be clinically diagnosed since birth as localized, bluish or purple lesions, especially on the lower extremity, but deep venous malformations are difficult to diagnose only by clinical appearance. The diagnostic algorithm for superficial venous malformations in newborns includes clinical examination and Duplex ultrasonography. The latter allows differentiating tumors (hemangiomas) from vascular malformations and evaluating Read More ...

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The Role of Carotid Ultrasonography in Patients with High Risk of Atherosclerosis

ABSTRACT Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that most often affects the carotid arteries. Being usually asymptomatic in its early stages, it is diagnosed only in advanced stages, when treatment is more difficult and prognosis is poor. Carotid ultrasound (US) is the most commonly used method for diagnosing carotid artery disease and represents a proper method for screening in patients Read More ...

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Impact of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension on Left Ventricular Function – a Comparative Study between Scleroderma and Coronary Artery Disease

ABSTRACT Background: The impact of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) on left ventricular performance in patients with scleroderma is still unknown. This study aims to perform a comparative echocardiographic analysis of left ventricular function between two different etiological varieties of PAH, namely PAH caused by systemic sclerosis as a representative of systemic inflammatory diseases and PAH Read More ...

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Widely Accepted Credibility Criteria for Online Health-related Information Are Not Correlated with Content Quality of Stroke Webpages in Two Languages of Central and Eastern European Countries

ABSTRACT Background: Finding accurate health-related information on the Internet may be a real challenge for users lacking the critical skills necessary to assess the validity of online content, even if they browse websites that are compliant with credibility criteria. The aim of the study was to check whether an overall high website credibility or compliance to any of Read More ...

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Femoral Intima-media Thickness, Risk Factors, and Markers of Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease

ABSTRACT Introduction: The burden of coronary artery disease (CAD) and peripheral vascular pathologies caused by atherosclerosis is constantly increasing. There is continuous research aiming to develop new methods that can evaluate the extent of atherosclerotic disease in different vascular beds, thus estimating global risk. Similar to carotid artery thickness, which is an established marker for Read More ...

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Malnutrition and Metabolic Changes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

ABSTRACT Background/Aim: In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), malnutrition has been recognized as a serious health problem mainly in hospitalized conditions, but there is little data regarding malnutrition outside hospital settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of malnutrition and associated metabolic changes in ambulatory patients with T2D. Material and methods: This analysis used Read More ...

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